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Hispanic and Latino Same-Sex Households in Florida
Introduction to the report by Jason Cianciotto and Luis Lopez
by Demian
© June 16, 2006, Demian

This study shows that Florida’s Hispanic/Latino same-sex households are similar to Hispanic/Latino married, opposite-sex households. However, there are vast differences when considering the thousands of benefits and protections of legal marriage.

Florida has also shown extraordinary hostility to lesbians and gay men when it passed, in 1977, the nation’s only law specifically outlawing adoption by “homosexuals.”

Exactly 20 years later, in 1997, it passed one of the nation’s first laws against same-sex marriage.

In 2006, Florida theocratic citizens attempted to place an anti-gay, anti-marriage state constitutional amendment on the ballot. It failed to gain enough signatures, however, they remain valid for four years, so could get the amendment to a vote in 2008.

While immigration for Hispanics/Latinos is difficult, unlike married, opposite-sex couples who can be legally married, same-sex couples, in which one partner is a U.S. citizen, are not allowed to sponsor their partners.

This study sheds light on the more than 9,000 Hispanic/Latino same-sex couples who live in Florida. It includes demographics, immigration and citizenship status, residence patterns, parenting rates, educational attainment, employment status, income, housing, and veteran status.

To better understand how anti-gay family policies specifically impact Hispanic/Latino same-sex couples and their children, information about them from the 2000 Census was also compared to Census data about white non-Hispanic/Latino same-sex couples, as well as Hispanic/Latino married opposite-sex couples, and Hispanic/Latino cohabiting opposite-sex couples.

The Report’s Key Findings
  • Hispanic/Latino same-sex couple families are more likely to be raising biological and non-biological (foster or adopted) children under the age of 18 than white non-Hispanic/ Latino same-sex couple families.
  • Hispanic/Latino same-sex couple families are disadvantaged compared to white non-Hispanic/ Latino same-sex couple families in terms of income, home ownership, and disability.
  • Hispanic/Latino same-sex couples in Florida are far more likely to include partners who are foreign born and not U.S. citizens than members of white non-Hispanic/Latino same-sex couples.
  • Hispanic/Latino same-sex couple households in Florida are in many respects similar to other Hispanic/Latino households.
  • Hispanic/Latino men and women in same-sex households in Florida report serving in the military at high rates despite the risk of losing their income and benefits because of the ban on lesbian and gay people serving openly.

This 2005 report is in PDF format:

        Hispanic and Latino Same-Sex Households in Florida
            by Jason Cianciotto and Luis Lopez
            Sponsored by the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute
            [After October 2014, the NGLTF became known as the National LGBTQ Task Force.]

The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute is a
think tank dedicated to research, policy analysis and strategy
development to advance greater understanding and equality for
lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people.

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